Nuevo México

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Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Nuevo México

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nuevo México?

Acoso. El hostigamiento se define por separado.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nuevo México?

Los siguientes grupos están contemplados en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nuevo México:

  • Raza
  • Color
  • Sexo
  • Etnia
  • Origen nacional
  • Religión
  • Incapacidad
  • Edad
  • Orientación sexual

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

¿Existe alguna política modelo estatal que pueda utilizar para crear políticas contra el acoso escolar para mi escuela o distrito?

La política estatal modelo de Nuevo México está disponible en el sitio web del Departamento de Educación Pública de Nuevo México.

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes, regulaciones y políticas antiacoso de Nuevo México?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nuevo México. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nuevo México
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nuevo México. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nuevo México
Política distrital
Revisión de política distrital NO
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nuevo México. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nuevo México
Definiciones
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos NO
Consecuencias
Salud mental NO
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nuevo México. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nuevo México
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención
Transparencia/Monitorización NO
Recursos legales NO NO

NOTA: haga clic en el enlace "Componentes clave" para obtener más información sobre ese componente.

¿Qué leyes estatales de Nuevo México tratan el tema del acoso?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations?

New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations include the following definitions of bullying, cyberbullying, and harassment:

"Bullying" means any repeated and pervasive written, verbal or electronic expression, physical act or gesture, or a pattern thereof, that is intended to cause distress upon one or more students in the school, on school grounds, in school vehicles, at a designated bus stop, or at school activities or sanctioned events. Bullying includes, but is not limited to, hazing, harassment, intimidation or menacing acts of a student which may, but need not be based on the student's race, color, sex, ethnicity, national origin, religion, disability, age or sexual orientation.

"Cyberbullying" means electronic communication that:

    (1) targets a specific student;

    (2) is published with the intention that the communication be seen by or disclosed to the targeted student;

    (3) is in fact seen by or disclosed to the targeted student; and

    (4) creates or is certain to create a hostile environment on the school campus that is so severe or pervasive as to substantially interfere with the targeted student's educational benefits, opportunities or performance.

"Harassment" means knowingly pursuing a pattern of conduct that is intended to annoy, alarm or terrorize another person.

6.12.7.7 NMAC (2014)

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

No. New Mexico anti-bullying laws do not cover off-campus conduct.

¿Cuáles son los requisitos de la política de las escuelas para prevenir y responder ante el comportamiento de acoso?

New Mexico school districts must adopt a policy prohibiting bullying and cyber-bullying. Las políticas del distrito deben contener una política clave y procedimientos, que incluyen, entre otros:

  • definiciones de comportamiento prohibido;
  • Prohibitions against bullying and cyberbullying;
  • Statements regarding how the policy will be publicized within the district;
  • Procedures for reporting and investigation;
  • Disciplinary consequences for violations of policy;
  • Procedures for reporting and investigations; and;
  • Requirements to include anti-bullying as part of the health education curriculum.

New Mexico antibullying laws require districts to submit assurances to the department of the adoption and implementation of policy, the review and revision of disciplinary policies to ensure that policies address cyberbullying, implementation of cyberbullying training for all licensed employees, and implementation of bullying and cyberbullying prevention programs.

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

No. New Mexico anti-bullying laws state that bullying includes, but is not limited to, hazing, harassment, intimidation or menacing acts of a student which may, but need not be based on the student's race, color, sex, ethnicity, national origin, religion, disability, age or sexual orientation.

New Mexico schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

Yes. New Mexico school districts are required to implement a bullying and cyberbullying prevention program and are required to include anti-bullying information as part of the health education curriculum. Local school boards must submit to the department, as directed by the department, assurances of implementation of bullying and cyberbullying prevention programs.

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to respond to bullying incidents?

Yes. New Mexico school districts must provide training to school employees on how to recognize signs of cyberbullying.

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

Yes. New Mexico district policies require school administrators to take prompt disciplinary action in response to cyberbullying, which may include counseling and mediation consistent with the legal rights of involved students.

Do New Mexico anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

No. New Mexico anti-bullying laws do not create expectations for parent involvement in addressing bullying.

Para más información

Visit the New Mexico Public Education Department’s “Bullying Prevention” webpage.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

 

Contenido actualizado el 22 de junio de 2017