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Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Nevada

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nevada?

Acoso o ciberacoso.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nevada?

Los siguientes grupos están contemplados en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Nevada

  • Raza real o percibida
  • Color
  • Origen nacional
  • Ascendencia
  • Religión
  • Identidad o expresión de género
  • Orientación sexual
  • Discapacidad física o mental de una persona
  • Sexo
  • Cualquier otra característica distintiva o antecedente de una persona
  • Asociación de una persona con otra que tenga una o más características reales o percibidas

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

¿Existe alguna política modelo a nivel estatal que pueda utilizar para crear políticas antiacoso en mi escuela o distrito?

La política modelo estatal de Nevada está disponible en el sitio web del Departamento de Educación de Nevada.

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes, regulaciones y políticas antiacoso de Nevada?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nevada. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nevada
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nevada. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nevada
Política distrital N/D
Revisión de política distrital N/D
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nevada. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nevada
Definiciones
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos
Consecuencias
Salud mental NO
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Nevada. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Nevada
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención
Transparencia/Monitorización
Recursos legales NO

NOTA: haga clic en el enlace "Componentes clave" para obtener más información sobre ese componente.

¿Qué leyes estatales de Nevada tratan el tema del acoso?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations?

Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations include the following definitions of bullying and cyberbullying:

“Bullying” means written, verbal or electronic expressions or physical acts or gestures, or any combination thereof, that are directed at a person or group of persons, or a single severe and willful act or expression that is directed at a person or group of persons, and:

    (a)  Have the effect of:

        (1)   Physically harming a person or damaging the property of a person; or

        (2)   Placing a person in reasonable fear of physical harm to the person or damage to the property of the person;

    (b)  Interfere with the rights of a person by:

        (1)  Creating an intimidating or hostile educational environment for the person; or

        (2)  Substantially interfering with the academic performance of a pupil or the ability of the person to participate in or benefit from services, activities or privileges provided by a school; or

    (c)  Are acts or conduct described in paragraph (a) or (b) and are based upon the:

        (1)  Actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability of a person, sex or any other distinguishing characteristic or background of a person; or

        (2)  Association of a person with another person having one or more of those actual or perceived characteristics.

The term includes, without limitation:

    (a)  Repeated or pervasive taunting, name-calling, belittling, mocking or use of put-downs or demeaning humor regarding the actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability of a person, sex or any other distinguishing characteristic or background of a person;

    (b)  Behavior that is intended to harm another person by damaging or manipulating his or her relationships with others by conduct that includes, without limitation, spreading false rumors;

    (c)  Repeated or pervasive nonverbal threats or intimidation such as the use of aggressive, menacing or disrespectful gestures;

    (d)  Threats of harm to a person, to his or her possessions or to other persons, whether such threats are transmitted verbally, electronically or in writing;

    (e)  Blackmail, extortion or demands for protection money or involuntary loans or donations;

    (f)  Blocking access to any property or facility of a school;

    (g)  Stalking; and

    (h)  Physically harmful contact with or injury to another person or his or her property.

"Cyber-bullying" means bullying through the use of electronic communication. The term includes the use of electronic communication to transmit or distribute a sexual image of a minor.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388.122 (2015)

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

No. Nevada anti-bullying laws do not cover off-campus conduct.

¿Cuáles son los requisitos de la política de las escuelas para prevenir y responder ante el comportamiento de acoso?

Nevada anti-bullying laws direct the Department of Education to prescribe a policy for all school districts and schools to provide for a safe and respectful learning environment that is free from bullying and cyber-bullying. Las políticas del distrito escolar deben contener una política clave y procedimientos, que incluyen, entre otros:

  • procedimientos de informes e investigaciones;
  • Requirements for parent notification of pupils directly involved in report incidents;
  • Requirements to follow-up with a reported victim of bullying to inquire about the well-being of the victim and to ensure that the bullying is not continuing;
  • Requirements to provide parents or guardians of students involved in bullying incidents with lists of resources that may be available in the community to assist the pupil;
  • Processes for appealing disciplinary decisions;
  • Statements informing students of the right to request reassignment to a different school in the district;
  • Methods for addressing rights and needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expressions; and
  • Provisions to train members of the governing body and all administrators, teachers and all personnel.

Nevada anti-bullying laws encourage districts to review policies on an annual basis, to update policies if necessary, and to submit a copy of the updated policies to the Department.

Nevada anti-bullying laws also establish an Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment and create the 24-hour, toll-free statewide Safe-to-Tell hotline and Internet website for anonymous reports.

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

Yes. Nevada anti-bullying laws prohibit bullying acts or conduct that is based on actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability of a person, sex or any other distinguishing characteristic or background of a person, or association of a person with another person having one or more of those actual or perceived characteristics. Nevada district policies must also include requirements and methods for addressing rights and needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expression.

Nevada schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

Yes. Nevada anti-bullying laws establish a state bullying prevention fund to provide grants to school districts to establish prevention and training programs and to develop and implement procedures to address bullying. Nevada school districts are also encouraged to establish programs to create a school environment that is free from bullying and cyber-bullying and schools are encouraged to establish school safety teams to develop, foster and maintain a school environment which is free from bullying and cyber-bullying.

Nevada anti-bullying laws also establish the first week in October as the “Week of Respect” for governing bodies to provide instruction to students on ways to prevent bullying and cyber-bullying.

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to respond to bullying incidents?

Yes. Nevada anti-bullying laws direct the Department of Education to prescribe a policy for school districts and schools to train to members of the governing body and all administrators, teachers and all other personnel employed by the governing body on methods to prevent, identify and report incidents of bullying and cyber-bullying. Staff training programs must also address the needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expressions, and the needs of pupils with disabilities and autism spectrum disorder.

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

Yes. Nevada anti-bullying laws require districts to take necessary action to stop bullying or cyber-bullying and ensure the safety and wellbeing of the reported victim or victims. School district policies must include a list of any resources available at no charge or at a reduced cost in the community to assist a student to each parent or guardian of a student. If such list is provided, the principal, his or her designee, or any employee of the school or the school district is not responsible for providing such resources to the student or ensuring the student receives such resources.

Do Nevada anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

Yes. Nevada school districts are encouraged to establish a school safety team that consists of at least one parent or legal guardian of a student enrolled in the school. The role of the school safety team is to identify and address patterns of bullying or cyber-bullying, review and strengthen school policies to prevent and address bullying or cyber-bullying, provide information to school personnel, pupils and parents on methods to address behavior, and participate in training conducted by school district regarding bullying and cyber-bullying. Nevada anti-bullying laws also require districts to notify parents or guardians of students involved with bullying as a component of investigation.

Para más información

Visit the Nevada Department of Education’s “Bully Free Zone” webpage and/or view the Nevada state model policy on bullying and harassment.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

Contenido actualizado el 22 de junio de 2017