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Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Montana

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Montana?

Acoso.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Montana?

No hay grupos específicos mencionados en las regulaciones o leyes antiacoso de Montana.

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

¿Existe alguna política modelo estatal que pueda utilizar para crear políticas contra el acoso escolar para mi escuela o distrito?

La política estatal modelo de Montana está disponible en el sitio web de la Oficina de Instrucción Pública de Montana .

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes, regulaciones y políticas antiacoso de Montana?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Montana. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Montana
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados NO NO
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Montana. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Montana
Política distrital N/D
Revisión de política distrital NO N/D
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Montana. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Montana
Definiciones N/D
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos
Consecuencias
Salud mental NO
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Montana. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Montana
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención NO
Transparencia/Monitorización NO
Recursos legales NO

NOTA: haga clic en el enlace "Componentes clave" para obtener más información sobre ese componente.

¿Cuáles son las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Montana que legislan el acoso?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations?

Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations include the following definitions of bullying:

“Bullying” means any harassment, intimidation, hazing, or threatening, insulting, or demeaning gesture or physical contact, including any intentional written, verbal, or electronic communication or threat directed against a student that is persistent, severe, or repeated and that:

    (a) causes a student physical harm, damages a student’s property, or places a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student or the student’s property;

    (b) creates a hostile environment by interfering with or denying a student’s access to an educational opportunity or benefit; or

    (c) substantially and materially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.

The term includes retaliation against a victim or witness who reports information about an act of bullying and includes acts of hazing associated with athletics or school-sponsored organizations or groups.

20-5-208, MCA (2015)

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

Yes. Montana anti-bullying regulations cover off-campus conduct committed through use of electronic communication that substantially and materially disrupts the orderly operation of the school or any school-sponsored program, activity or function where the school is responsible for the student.

¿Cuáles son los requisitos de la política de las escuelas para prevenir y responder ante el comportamiento de acoso?

Montana school districts must adopt a policy prohibiting bullying, hazing, intimidation, and harassment of students. Las políticas del distrito escolar deben contener una política clave y procedimientos, que incluyen, entre otros:

  • Statements prohibiting bullying, intimidation, and harassment;
  • Procedures for reporting, investigations, and documentation;
  • Procedures for determining whether the reported act is subject to the jurisdiction of the school or another public agency and a procedure for referral to the necessary persons or entity;
  • Procedures for prompt notification of the alleged victim, alleged perpetrator, or parents or guardians of such students when students are minors;
  • Procedures to protect any alleged victim from prohibited behaviors;
  • Disciplinary procedures establishing consequences for violations of policy; and
  • Procedures for use of appropriate intervention and remediation for victims and perpetrators.

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

No. There are no specific groups listed under Montana anti-bullying laws or regulations.

Montana schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

No. Montana anti-bullying laws do not require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies.

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to prevent and respond to bullying incidents?

No. Montana anti-bullying laws do not require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to prevent and respond to bullying incidents.

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

Yes. Montana school district policies must include a procedure for the use of appropriate intervention and remediation for victims and perpetrators, as well as a procedure to protect any alleged victim from further incidents of such prohibited behaviors.

Do Montana anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

Yes. Montana school district policies must include a procedure for prompt notification of the alleged victim and the alleged perpetrator, or the parents and guardians of such students when the students are minors.

Para más información

Visit the Montana Office of Public Instruction’s Bully Free Montana” webpage and/or view the Montana state model policy on bullying and harassment.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

 

Contenido actualizado el 20 de junio de 2017