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Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Maryland

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Maryland?

Acoso, hostigamiento o intimidación.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Maryland?

Los siguientes grupos están contemplados en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Maryland:

  • Raza
  • Origen nacional
  • Estado civil
  • Sexo
  • Orientación sexual
  • Identidad de género
  • Religión
  • Ascendencia
  • Características físicas
  • Posición socioeconómica
  • Estado familiar
  • Capacidad o discapacidad física o mental

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

¿Existe alguna política modelo estatal que pueda utilizar para crear políticas contra el acoso escolar para mi escuela o distrito?

La política estatal modelo de Maryland está disponible en el sitio web del Departamento de Educación del Estado de Maryland .

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes, regulaciones y políticas antiacoso de Maryland?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Maryland. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Maryland
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Maryland. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Maryland
Política distrital N/D
Revisión de política distrital N/D
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Maryland. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Maryland
Definiciones N/D
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos
Consecuencias
Salud mental
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Maryland. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Maryland
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención
Transparencia/Monitorización
Recursos legales NO

NOTA: haga clic en el enlace "Componentes clave" para obtener más información sobre ese componente.

¿Cuáles son las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Maryland que legislan el acoso?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations?

Maryland anti-bullying laws include the following definitions of bullying, harassment and intimidation:

"Bullying, harassment, or intimidation" means intentional conduct, including verbal, physical, or written conduct, or an intentional electronic communication, that:

    (i)  Creates a hostile educational environment by substantially interfering with a student's educational benefits, opportunities, or performance, or with a student's physical or psychological well-being and is:

        1.  Motivated by an actual or a perceived personal characteristic including race, national origin, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, ancestry, physical attribute, socioeconomic status, familial status, or physical or mental ability or disability; or

        2.  Threatening or seriously intimidating; and

    (ii)

        1.  Occurs on school property, at a school activity or event, or on a school bus; or

        2.  Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.

Md. EDUCATION Code Ann. § 7-424 (2018)

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

Yes. Maryland anti-bullying laws cover off-campus conduct by imposing criminal sanctions for cyberbullying.

¿Cuáles son los requisitos de la política de las escuelas para prevenir y responder ante el comportamiento de acoso?

Maryland county boards of education must adopt a policy prohibiting bullying, harassment, and intimidation that conforms to the state model policy. Local policies must contain key policy and procedural elements, including, but not limited to:

  • Statements prohibiting bullying, harassment, and intimidation in schools;
  • Statements prohibiting reprisal or retaliation against individuals who report acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation;
  • Definitions of prohibited behavior that conform to definitions in state law;
  • Consequences and remedial actions for violations of policy;
  • Procedures for reporting and investigations, including designation of a contact person who is familiar with reporting and investigation procedures;
  • Information about the types of support services available to a student bully, victim, or any bystanders;
  • Information regarding the availability and use of the bullying, harassment, and intimidation reporting form;
  • Information regarding the availability and use of an anonymous two-way electronic tip program;
  • requisitos sobre cómo se divulgará la política dentro del distrito.

Maryland anti-bullying laws require county boards to submit local policies to the State Superintendent and to update policies every five years based on updates to the state model policy. Maryland county boards must also report incidents of bullying, harassment or intimidation against students using a standard reporting form and submit confidential summaries of report forms to the State Board.

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

Yes. Maryland anti-bullying laws prohibit bullying, harassment, or intimidation that is motivated by an actual or a perceived personal characteristic including race, national origin, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, ancestry, physical attribute, socioeconomic status, familial status, or physical or mental ability or disability.

Maryland schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

Yes. Maryland anti-bullying laws require county boards of education to develop educational programs to prevent bullying, harassment, and intimidation in schools including an educational bullying, harassment and intimidation prevention program for students, staff, volunteers, and parents.

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to respond to bullying incidents?

Yes. Maryland anti-bullying laws require county boards of education to develop educational programs to prevent bullying, harassment, and intimidation in schools including a teacher and administrator development program that trains teachers and administrators to implement the policy.

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

Yes. Maryland school district policies must include information about the types of support services available to a student bully, victim, or any bystanders.

Do Maryland anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

Yes. Maryland anti-bullying laws require county boards of education to develop local policies in consultation with parents or guardians of students, school employees and administrators, school volunteers, students, and other members of the community.

Para más información

Visit the Maryland State Department of Education’s “Bullying Prevention” webpage and/or view the Maryland state model policy on bullying and harassment.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

 

Contenido actualizado el 20 de junio de 2017