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Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Georgia

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Georgia?

Acoso.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Georgia?

No hay grupos específicos mencionados en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Georgia.

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

¿Existe alguna política modelo estatal que pueda utilizar para crear políticas contra el acoso escolar para mi escuela o distrito?

La política modelo estatal de Georgia está disponible en el sitio web del Departamento de Educación de Georgia.

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes, regulaciones y políticas antiacoso de Georgia?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Georgia. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Georgia
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados NO
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Georgia. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Georgia
Política distrital N/D
Revisión de política distrital NO N/D
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Georgia. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Georgia
Definiciones N/D
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos NO
Consecuencias
Salud mental NO
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Georgia. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Georgia
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención
Transparencia/Monitorización NO
Recursos legales NO NO

NOTA: haga clic en el enlace "Componentes clave" para obtener más información sobre ese componente.

¿Cuáles son las leyes y regulaciones de Georgia que contemplan el acoso escolar?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations?

Georgia anti-bullying laws include the following definitions of bullying and cyberbullying:

The term "bullying" means an act that is:

(1)  Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury on another person, when accompanied by an apparent present ability to do so;

(2)  Any intentional display of force such as would give the victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm; or

(3)  Any intentional written, verbal, or physical act which a reasonable person would perceive as being intended to threaten, harass, or intimidate, that:

(A)  Causes another person substantial physical harm within the meaning of Code Section 16-5-23.1 or visible bodily harm as such term is defined in Code Section 16-5-23.1;

(B)  Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student's education;

(C)  Is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment; or

(D)  Has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school.

The term applies to acts which occur on school property, on school vehicles, at designated school bus stops, or at school related functions or activities or by use of data or software that is accessed through a computer, computer system, computer network, or other electronic technology of a local school system. The term also applies to acts of cyberbullying which occur through the use of electronic communication, whether or not such electronic act originated on school property or with school equipment, if the electronic communication (1) is directed specifically at students or school personnel, (2) is maliciously intended for the purpose of threatening the safety of those specified or substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school, and (3) creates a reasonable fear of harm to the students' or school personnel's person or property or has a high likelihood of succeeding in that purpose.

Electronic communication includes but is not limited to any transfer of signs, signals, writings, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photo electronic or photo optical system.

O.C.G.A. § 20-2-751.4 (2016)

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

Yes. Georgia anti-bullying laws cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus if the electronic communication (1) is directed specifically at students or school personnel, (2) is maliciously intended for the purpose of threatening the safety of those specified or substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school, and (3) creates a reasonable fear of harm to the students' or school personnel’s person or property or has a high likelihood of succeeding in that purpose.

¿Cuáles son los requisitos de la política de las escuelas para prevenir y responder ante el comportamiento de acoso?

Georgia school districts must adopt a policy that prohibits bullying of a student by another student. Las políticas del distrito escolar deben contener una política clave y procedimientos, que incluyen, entre otros:

  • Requirements that the district bullying policy be included in the student code of conduct;
  • Requirements that a student in grades 6 through 12 who has committed the offense of bullying for the third time in a school year be assigned to an alternative school;
  • Statements of how the policy will be publicized within the district; and
  • Requirements to notify the parent or guardian upon finding that a student has committed an offense of bullying or is a victim of bullying.

Georgia school districts may additionally adopt components of the state model bullying policy, including statements prohibiting bullying and retaliation following a bullying report, reporting and investigation procedures, and consequences for bullying, including disciplinary actions or counseling, as appropriate. Georgia school districts that are not in compliance with the required components of the bullying policy are ineligible for state funding.

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

No. There are no specific groups listed under Georgia anti-bullying laws or regulations.

Georgia schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

Yes. Georgia school districts must implement comprehensive character education programs for all grade levels that address methods of discouraging bullying.

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to prevent or respond to bullying incidents?

No. Georgia anti-bullying laws do not require districts to provide training to teachers or other school staff on how to prevent or respond to bullying incidents. Georgia anti-bullying laws do require the Department of Education to develop and post on its website information regarding anti-bullying training programs and materials for use in local school systems.

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

No. Georgia anti-bullying laws do not require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying.

Do Georgia anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

Yes. Georgia school districts must establish a method for notifying parents or legal guardians when a student has committed an offense of bullying or is a victim of bullying.

Para más información

Visite la página web "Herramientas para la prevención del acoso" del Departamento de Educación de Georgia.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

 

Contenido actualizado el 21 de junio de 2017