Alabama

Sendero de navegación

  • Imprimir Imprimir
  • Compartir Comparta en Facebook Comparta en Twitter Comparta...

Políticas y leyes antiacoso de Alabama

Componentes clave

¿Qué términos se utilizan en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Alabama?

Acoso discriminatorio.

¿Estas leyes abarcan el ciberacoso?

Sí.

¿Cuáles son los grupos mencionados por las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Alabama?

Los siguientes grupos están contemplados en las regulaciones y leyes antiacoso de Alabama:

  • Raza
  • Sexo
  • Religión
  • Origen nacional
  • Incapacidad

Las escuelas que reciben fondos federales tienen la obligación por ley federal de enfrentar la discriminación en base a un número de características personales diferentes. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Is there a state model policyI can use to create anti-bullying policies at my school or district?

The Alabama model anti-harassment policy(PDF - 123KB) is available on the Alabama State Department of Education website.

¿Qué componentes fundamentales se pueden encontrar en las leyes y políticas contra el acoso de Alabama?

DEFINICIONES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Alabama. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Alabama
Propósito
Alcance
Comportamiento prohibido
Grupos enumerados
REVISIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Alabama. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Alabama
Política distrital
Revisión de política distrital NO N/D
COMPONENTES DE LA POLÍTICA DISTRITAL
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Alabama. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Alabama
Definiciones
Informes
Investigaciones
Registros escritos
Consecuencias
Salud mental NO
COMPONENTES ADICIONALES
Componentes clave Presente en las leyes y regulaciones estatales de Alabama. Presente en los modelos de políticas de Alabama
Comunicaciones
Capacitación/Prevención NO
Transparencia/Monitorización NO
Recursos legales NO NO

NOTE:Click on the Key Components links to get more information about that component.

¿Cuáles son las leyes y regulaciones de Alabama que contemplan el acoso escolar?

How are bullying and cyberbullying defined in Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations?

Alabama anti-bullying laws include the following definitions of bullying and cyberbullying:

"Bullying" is a continuous pattern of intentional behavior that takes place on or off of school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function including, but not limited to, cyberbullying or written, electronic, verbal, or physical acts that are reasonably perceived as being motivated by any characteristic of a student, or by the association of a student with an individual who has a particular characteristic, if the characteristic falls into one of the categories of personal characteristics contained in the model policy adopted by the department or by a local board, and implemented at each school. To constitute bullying, a pattern of behavior may do any of the following:

a. Place a student in reasonable fear of harm to his or her person or damage to his or her property.

b. Have the effect of substantially interfering with the educational performance, opportunities, or benefits of a student.

c. Have the effect of substantially disrupting or interfering with the orderly operation of the school, whether the conduct occurs on or off school property, online, or electronically.

d. Have the effect of creating a hostile environment in the school, on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function.

e. Have the effect of being sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive enough to create an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for a student.

Code of Ala. § 16-28B-3 (2018)

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations cover cyberbullying that occurs off-campus?

Yes. Alabama anti-bullying laws cover conduct that occurs on or off school property.

What are the policy requirements for schools to prevent and respond to bullying behavior?

Alabama school districts must adopt a policy prohibiting bullying, intimidation, violence, and threats of violence. District policies should contain key policy and procedural elements that are consistent with the state model policy content, including, but not limited to:

  • Statements prohibiting bullying, violence, and threats of violence;
  • Definitions of the terms bullying, intimidation, and threats of violence;
  • Descriptions of the behavior expected of each student;
  • Statements regarding disciplinary consequences for violations of the policy;
  • Procedures for reporting, investigation, and response;
  • Statements prohibiting reprisal or retaliation;
  • Procedures for publicizing the local board policy;
  • Procedures for students to use in reporting bullying incidents; and,
  • Procedures for the development of a non-exhaustive list of personal characteristics of a student which may often lead to bullying.

Alabama anti-bullying laws require local school boards to report statistics on the number of submitted reports of violence, threats of violence, and harassment to the state for posting on the department website.

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations include protections for specific groups?

Yes. Alabama anti-bullying laws prohibit acts that are reasonably perceived as being motivated by any characteristic of a student, or by the association of a student with an individual who has a particular characteristic, if the characteristic falls into one of the categories of personal characteristics contained in the model policy adopted by the department or by a local board and implemented at each school.

Alabama schools that receive federal funding are required by federal law to address discrimination on a number of different personal characteristics. Descubra cuándo el acoso puede ser una violación de los derechos civiles.

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to implement bullying prevention programs or strategies?

Yes. Alabama schools must develop and implement evidence-based practices to promote a school environment that is free from harassment, intimidation, violence, and threats of violence, and to intervene when such incidents occur. Schools must also incorporate information on bullying policies into civility, citizenship, and character education curricula to promote awareness and sensitivity.

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to train teachers and other school staff on how to respond to bullying incidents?

Yes. Alabama school districts must provide training on local board policies for school employees and volunteers who have significant contact with students.

Alabama schools must programmatically address the issue of bullying and school violence with students and faculty. Programs must include discussion of available resources and encourage reporting of bullying incidents. Schools must also periodically convene a committee of faculty and students to review and discuss the issue of bullying and make recommendations to school administrators regarding school climate, safety, and bullying.

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations encourage or require districts to provide safeguards or mental health supports for students involved with bullying?

Yes. Alabama school districts must make referral, crisis intervention, and other related information available for students, parents, and school personnel as part of bullying and suicide prevention efforts.

Do Alabama anti-bullying laws and regulations involve parents in efforts to address bullying behavior?

No. Alabama anti-bullying laws do not create expectations for parent involvement in addressing bullying behavior.

Para más información

Visit the Alabama State Department of Education’s “Prevention and Support Services”webpage and/or view the Alabama model anti-harassment policyon bullying and harassment.

El componente clave del marco utilizado en el análisis de las leyes estatales se basa en la revisión de la legislación presentada en el "Análisis de las leyes y políticas estatales antiacoso - Diciembre de 2011" (Departamento de Educación de EE. UU.).

 

Contenido actualizado el 7 de diciembre de 2017